The Landing Sites

Jade Carving


Ica Stone with Image of Alien



Full View of the Conglomerate Stone Tool



Comparison of Carved Stone with Images of Nefertiti



Close-up of the Carved Stone



Internet Reference Guide example of a Conglomerate Stone Tool


Identification of Inca Symbols on Stone with Image of Nefertiti


Compare Nazca Peru Glyph #18 (left) to the design on the earlobe of the stone image of Nefertiti immediately above....THEY ARE IDENTICAL! Compare Nazca Peru Glyph #10 (left) to the prominent round design on the Jade Carving above....THEY ARE IDENTICAL! Back to top



The Corte Madera and San Rafael Marsh Areas


Adjacent to "The Cove" is the Corte Madera Marsh. Drake knew that if he attempted to sail across the Pacific with four ships, their profile would be easily visible from a great distance. The ships would have to be unloaded and the cargo sorted so that the most valuable items could find into only one ship for the remainder of the journey. The Golden Hinde was unloaded where it was moored and the other three ships were sent to sites on the Corte Madera and San Rafael Marsh where they were unloaded and disassembled. The parts from those ships were used to make repairs to the Golden Hinde and to construct the crude carts needed to move the cargo. Some of the artifacts collected in these areas are shown below.

The Point to the Marsh.jpg

Several Spanish Galleon Decking Nails were discovered along the paths leading to/from The Corte Madera Marsh and The San Rafael Marsh where the ships were disassembled. To the right is a photo of a 16th Century Spanish Nail discovered in North Carolina in 1994 and below are two of the nails discovered here!



Spanish Galleon Decking Nails



Google Earth Image - The Tallowing Site

marsh site_1.jpg

At the far end of the Corte Madera Marsh was "The Tallowing Site" (identified as 1 on your left). Tallowing was the process of using animal fat to waterproof the hull of a ship. The Golden Hinde was moved from "The Cove" to "The Tallowing Site" where it was prepared for the Pacific voyage. During an extreme low tide the bay floor revealed a large piece of the hull that was left after the repairs were made and several large spikes identical to those that appear in the historical sketch below showing the tallowing process. Back to top

Historical Sketch - Tallowing The Golden Hinde




Photo above (right) shows the bay floor at the Tallowing Site during an extreme low-tide. Photo above (left) shows the Spikes recovered. Immediately below is a close-up of a spike. Note that it is identical to those shown to the right of the Golden Hinde in the Historical Sketch.


Close-Up of Spike appearing in Tallowing Sketch

Image of a Portion of the Golden Hinde left behind after Tallowing and Repairs


Google Earth Image - The San Rafael Marsh

SRMarsh 1_1.jpg

At the far end of the San Rafael Marsh was "The Lost Harbor" Along the edge of the now reclaimed and dry marsh area several artifacts were recovered. These included: the Spanish Galleon Gunpowder Ladle (1); the Miwok Canoe Paddle (2) and "The Original Rod" (3). The loss of "The Original Rod" necessitated the fabrication of a new Rod that was used to form the inscription on the Plate of Brass. The locations where these were discovered are identified as 1, 2 and 3 on the Google Earth Image.Back to top


Close-Up of San Rafael Marsh Calculated to be the Location of The Lost Harbor

After the Golden Hinde was repaired at "The Tallowing Site" it was moved to "The Lost Harbor" where it was moored and reloaded for the journey across the Pacific Ocean. "The Lost Harbor" was adjacent to the San Rafael Marsh where the water was deep enough to keep a ship afloat at low tide! The exact location was determined by taking the northernmost latitude reached and reported in "The World Encompassed" (38 degrees 30 minutes) and deducting Drake's constant number ...72.

The Lost Harbor_1.jpg

38.30 -.72 = 37.58




1880s Map of San Francisco Bay showing Marsh area leading to/from The Lost Harbor



The Marsh was Reclaimed/Developed and The Lost Harbor (37.58) was Located where Portsmouth Cove (red star) is Today


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SR to GB Tank_1.jpg

View from the San Rafael Marsh to "The Treasure Site" (below the water tank)



Spanish Galleon Gunpowder Ladle


The Hillside

The crudely constructed carts moved along trails located along the lowest edges of the tidal marsh. In this manner, they would not be easily visible from a distance if a Spanish ship did enter the bay in pursuit of Drake. Three separate trails were used for carts moving to/from The Cove, The Corte Madera Marsh and the San Rafael Marsh. After they arrived at the base of The Hillside (indicated as Drake's Rock in the aerial photo above) cargo was sorted and reloaded into the carts going uphill to "The Treasure Site" or back to the Golden Hinde now moored at "The Lost Harbor". During the winter of 2000-2001 a weather-worn alabaster stone relief of an Aztec warrior became the first artifact discovered along one of the trails leading up "The Hillside" to "The Treasure Site" and was a prime motivation for continuing the search for the treasure.

The Alabaster Aztec Stone Relief